The miniature Pomeranian, a toy dog from Nordic family, is a compact, short-backed and active dog. Originally used as a sleigh dog in Iceland and Lapland, the Pomeranian now has become a great companion to humans. Contrary to the available size in today’s market, Pomeranians were bred to be much larger weighing about thirty pounds. But great efforts were made later by breeders to make the breed smaller in size. As the standard specified by American Kennel Club (AKC), a Pomeranian may weigh between three and seven pounds, however, the Pomeranians participating in dog shows must weigh between four and six pounds.
The dog has unlimited intelligence. Having a great lively character, the dog extrovertly show its intelligence in almost all aspects. Although it is very small in size, it is tremendously alert and attentive about strangers. Because of these qualities, the miniature Pomeranian is a great watchdog. Its intelligence is a great asset in dog training which can be applied in various fields including different therapies. The miniature Pomeranian is a symbol of beauty and brains. So it is a valued show dog on one hand, a great friend for life on the other.
The miniature Pomeranian has an exquisite double coat consisting of a soft and dense undercoat and a long, straight, glistering and harsh textured overcoat. The coat is significantly dense in the neck, forepart of the shoulders and chest portion. This makes the coat in these areas to appear like a frill. The body hair is longer compared to the hair in the head and leg area. The tail is really beautiful with the long and straight hair, which overflows extensively. The life span of a typical Pomeranian is around twelve to fifteen years, however they may even live up to twenty to thirty-five years in some cases.
Although health complications are not so common in the miniature Pomeranian, they may still suffer from few complications such as luxating patella. This is somewhat common among miniature breeds. In addition, Legg-Calvé-Perthes syndrome, hip dysplasia, patent ductus arteriosus and collapsing trachea may occur in the Pomeranian. They are also susceptible to skin diseases like acute moist dermatitis, hot spots, follicular dysplasia and few others.
Regular grooming is essential for the miniature Pomeranian. Regular brushing your little Pomeranian will keep it free from matting and keep its hair thick and plush. Although the coat needs little trimming, shaving is almost unnecessary. Regular ear and nail care is also highly recommended. It is not a good idea to bath the Pomeranian too frequently, because it may harm the skin texture and glow of the coat by eliminating essential oils. Like many other breeds, the miniature Pomeranian is highly susceptible towards teeth problems, so a regular dental care is also necessary. A minimum of one teeth brushing per week is required.
Many great personalities own Pomeranians including Sir Isaac Newton, Queen Victoria, Michelangelo, Paris Hilton, Sharon Osborne, Maria Sharapova, and many others. Many interesting stories exist about these pet dogs and some famous personalities. The Pomeranian belonging to Michelangelo, the great Italian Renaissance painter, witnessed the great work of the Sistine Chapel. Another interesting event is of course with Diamond, the Pomeranian of Sir Isaac Newton, who had overturned a candle and set fire to some valuable research papers and created a painful history in the era of scientific invention.